Myth: “Acne is caused by poor hygiene and not washing your face properly…”
Knowing your skin; Acne. This is a tricky one. Because acne skin is quite temperamental, often confused to having oily skin and so acne suffers tend to use harsh stripping products which can actually aggravate acne more, acne is actually a imbalance in hormone levels and the reactions take place deep beneath the skin which shows on the skin by red, inflamed , painful and angry spots, bumps and lumps though not just confined the face acne can erupt anywhere on the body. Use skin loving cleansers and flower toners and above all MOISTURISE.
There are 6 main types of spot caused by acne:
- blackheads – small black or yellowish bumps that develop on the skin; these are open pores in which every day dirt and grime has collected and turned black when in contact with the air (oxidisation).
- whiteheads/milia – similar to blackheads, these fatty deposits are firmer and won’t empty when squeezed usually a closed pore whereby a layer of skin has grown over the once open poor trapping the dirt beneath it, extraction by micro lance only.
- papules – small red bumps that may feel tender or sore
- pustules – similar to papules, but have a white tip in the centre, caused by a build-up of pus best to pierce the puss filled centre as it has no feeling and is dead.
- nodules – large hard lumps that build up beneath the surface of the skin and can be painful usually don’t carry puss and won’t empty when squeezed however they are very sore.
- cysts/boils – the most severe and painful type of spot caused by acne; they’re large puss-filled lumps and are deep rooted so if squeezed and messed with can lead to permanent scarring.
Rosacea is a type of acne located generally around the nose, cheeks, chin and forehead it affects adults usually starting into adulthood or ending (if you are woman) ones own fertility cycle (the menopause) again rosacea is an imbalance in hormone levels leaving the skin very tender with lumps and bumps, small blood vessels and in extreme cases, the nose may appear very red and bulbous.
It’s best advised to have a thorough skin analysis to determine what skin type you are and then use products that are suited at keeping the skin clean. Whilst having advanced treatments that tackle the pustules before they erupt, and controlling the excess oil that is produced.
I suffer from mild adult acne on my chin ever since having my daughter it’s a nightmare but I’ve carefully prescribed myself a course of galvanic facials to tackle the problematic skin. I use Benzoyl Peroxide 5% strength OTC and works wonders over night at fighting my acne breakouts.
Ingredients to look out for:
- Salicylic acid is the gold standard of acne treatment. It’s also called a beta-hydroxy acid. Salicylic works by exfoliating gently to unclog pores. It’s in a ton of OTC cleansers and spot treatments, and it’s gentle enough to use on your whole face and found mostly in toners.
- Benzoyl peroxide works by actually killing the acne bacteria, while exfoliating the pores at the same time. It’s not so gentle, and can make skin really dry and irritated if you use too much. Stick to on the spot-treating with this one.
- Sulfur draws oil out of skin and has a drying effect, making it another great spot treatment. You’ll also find it as the active ingredient in some face masks, like Cosmedix Clear Clarifying Mask.
- Glycolic Acid is an alpha-hydroxy acid, and an exfoliating ingredient that targets both acne and wrinkles at the same time. “The same way it helps acne, it helps wrinkles—by removing dead cells on surface. If you have effective exfoliation, you’re stimulating collagen and hyaluronic acid,”Schultz explains. This will help improve skin’s texture and reduce fine lines and wrinkles while also clearing up breakouts again can be found in toners.
- Retinol is a vitamin A derivative, which the skin absorbs and converts to retinoic acid. Retin-A is the prescription form. “Topical retinoids are fortunately one of the most effective treatments for acne, and also happens to be a highly effective anti-aging ingredient, because of its collagen-building properties,” Tzu notes. The biggest downside is they’re harsh, and can sometimes be too much for sensitive skin.